Earth Mothers and Rebellious Sons - Creation Part 3: Crash Course Mythology #4

So, we’re still talking about sex this week, but we’re talking about Earth Mothers and their children. We'll start with Gaia, and her son Kronos, who had a classic childhood rebellion, and castrated his father. We'll also get into Kronos’s son Zeus, who would go on to dethrone his father. We’ll talk about Norse mythology, too, and look at the family that created the world, and worked together to make people.

Gaia: A New Look at Life on Earth by James E. Lovelock -

Fee and Leeming. “Gods, Heroes, and Kings: the Battle for Mythic Britain.” Quoted in Leeming, The World of Myth. Oxford U. Press 2014 pp. 32-33. -

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Views: 343551
Runtime: 12:7
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Author Honey Senpai ( ago)
....Is no one going to talk about the genius pun that is "Thoth-provoking" come on people!

Author Rashaunda Spears ( ago)
I've always thought that Hera was the goddess of Earth in Greek mythology until now.

Author cockroach2 ( ago)
I am somewhat disappointed that you used Rubens instead of Goya for you Saturn-eating -his-children picture

Author TheJackalope231 ( ago)
"...some of whom managed to pull off Creation without any female counterpart."
Heh, "pull off".

Author Josny13 ( ago)
5:57 "... created man and women from his sweaty left armpit, which explains a lot, if you think about it, ..."
No! No it does not! D:<
He is a FROST GIANT, where did that sweat come from?! xD
If Imir wasn't at least half, frozen water, why call it a frost giant and not just a giant?

8:41 Oldest furry creation story™

Author KelsaRavenlock ( ago)
what about the vanir tribe of gods and vanaheim? without them you have no freyja and neither Odin or Loki learn magic

Author KelsaRavenlock ( ago)
in the myth i believe he swallowed the children whole which is why he was unaware of the deception of the stone .

Author Christin Zhang ( ago)
Often where prophecies where children kill their parents or grandparents the parents/grandparents build the trap themselves.

Good job! But you can't escape fate.

Author ChristhePhilosopher ( ago)
This episodes confuses Kronos (sometimes written Cronos) and Chronos. They are not the same. Chronos is god of time and destiny, Kronos is the titan, father of Zeus...

Author Anthony Manini ( ago)
Part 4 seems to be missing. Anyone know where I can find it/them?

Author Sydd Linden ( ago)
Wait, so Aphrodite was thus Zuse's sister? Not his daughter? Wow... I am officially confused. This feels like being very young and learning that Santa is a lie... :/ Everything I thought I knew was WRONG! D: ...why do they have to sanitize everything...?

Author Mark Rivera ( ago)
omg theon greyjoy appeared when he said castration 😂

Author Elsa T ( ago)
why are we not talking more about that hank green bridge reference

Author Tetracarbon (Phillip Wong) ( ago)
I like the Idea Channel, but I am loving this series. Great work!

Author george haralampous ( ago)
ancient Greece...huh in incest is wincest.... Huh am never sure if I should be proud of my Greek ancestors...meh who cares the world is anyway fucked up as it is

Author Guillermo Castellanos ( ago)
Suuuuuper good

Author Neo Prototype ( ago)
It's not incest, it's wincest. Children do effectively castrate their fathers, since their whore mothers no longer put out as much sex as they should after they queef out the kids.

Author Mary Udomah ( ago)
You somehow made Thoth absolutely adorable. I commend you for this.

Author Kevin Bradley ( ago)
Big Bad Creator Dad... I'd play that.

Author s93jonathan ( ago)
I just can't get enough of Thoth 😂
He is so adorable!

Author Kamakazeishbear ( ago)
Why do all of these sound like they are written for children?

Author Perplexion Dangerman ( ago)
If you do these kind of drugs, don't tell anybody about it.

Author Sad Lemon ( ago)
Someone needs to make myth bingo

Author Evil Avocado ( ago)

Author LaraEmily ( ago)
Will you cover the Dreamtime? (Australian Aboriginal creation story)

Author Toq The Wise ( ago)
I appreciate that you talked about Norse myths, watching the others I was worried you wouldn't. But your pronunciation is terrible!

Author Button Mashing Queen ( ago)
2:12 By "Memory", do you mean "Mnemosyne"?
2:18 Chronos is the God of Time, It is from his name that we get the prefix chrono-, meaning "time". Kronos is a Titan and the father of Zeus, Hera, Poseidon, Hades, etc.... Don't mess with my pantheon, even if the two are often conflated.
7:49 I had read that Thor was the primary god of the Norse pantheon, but was later supplanted by Odin, after The All-Father had gained the knowledge of writing, at the cost of his eye.

Author Megan Zaman ( ago)

Author Comm Hetman ( ago)
why is the mythology playlist consisting of 4 videos and is up to episode 6...

Author James Henry Smith ( ago)
The Norse mythology is a symbolic expression of the life during the Pre-Roman, Pre-Christian Viking and Germanic world.

Aesir are the powerful male forces, while Vanir are the weaker female forces.

Odin symbolizes wisdom, knowledge and learning.

Frigg symbolizes unknown secrets of the universe and of the future.

Odin learns secrets of the universe and of the future from Frigg.

Huginn and Muninn symbolize though and memory.

Thought is the main way that knowledge is gained.

Memory was important for the ancient pagan cultures, as druids and wise women or wise men (“shamans”) were their tribes and culture’s record of events and ceremony.

Sleipnir symbolizes the fact that wisdom and knowledge are everywhere and travel fast.

Freyja symbolizes beauty, virility, and growth in nature.

Freyja’s cats and boar symbolize femininity.

Gold is called Freyja’s tears because it is shiny and beautiful, and is scattered around the earth.

Freyr symbolizes male handsomeness, virility, and growth in nature.

Freyr’s golden boar symbolizes handsomeness and the beauty of nature.

Tyr symbolizes courage, honor, law, order and defending one’s tribe.

Valhalla is a reward after death, where the warriors would find beauty, wisdom, and peace, much like the Abrahamic concept of heaven, and acts as a way to calm and encourage warriors during a battle. In other interpretations, Valhalla is the reward of winning a victory in battle.

Valkyries are just transporters. In other interpretations, they symbolize the time and journey that occurs between starting to solve a problem or beginning to fight a battle, and the rewards of victory.

Thor represents power and strength, and also lightning and thunder.

Thor is Odin’s son, because wisdom and knowledge is power and strength, or at least wisdom and knowledge can lead to power and strength.

Thor’s goats represent the longlasting energy of power and strength.

The giants symbolize the fact that there is only lightning and thunder during a storm.

Sif symbolizes nature.

Loki represents evil and dishonorable behavior.

The ability of Loki to shapeshift represents the many guises and forms that evil can come in.

Jormungandr and Fenrir are stories that teach morals, honor, and how to deal with evil.

Hel symbolizes death.

Saying that someone went to the underworld just meant they died.

Njord represents the sea, just like Poseidon does for the Greeks.

Vidar represents a sneaking warrior that uses guerilla tactics, and spies that gather intelligence for the tribe. This is also why Vidar is Odin’s son and Thor’s brother.

Baldr represents the peace and forgiveness after a war between tribes. This is also why Baldr is the Brother of Thor and Vidar. His ship represents postwar rebuilding and the prosperity due to peace.

Baldr’s death due to Loki and Hodr symbolizes the temporary disappearance of peace, forgiveness and love that happens during a war.

Heimdall symbolizes the tribal guards and army, as they are always on the lookout for enemies. This is also why he is the first god to know when Ragnarok comes.

Ragnarok symbolizes intertribal conflicts, or even battles against large empires like Rome, France, or England.

Author oldcowbb ( ago)
my favourite episode so far

Author 纏やぼく ( ago)
Why does the title says part 3, isn't this part 4?

Author Wes Snow ( ago)
Hey Crash Course, I'm watching the 'Mythology' Playlist, and it looks like you're missing Part 2. Just a heads up. Thanks for the videos!

Author Coke Pepsi ( ago)
He talked about the Æsir, but what about the Vanir?

Author orCane ( ago)
It's so weird to hear your english pronounciation of the names and beings of norse mythology. Also, when saying Ymer, the first syllable is stressed, not the second. And while you can't pronounce Y in english like we do in Scandinavia, pronouncing it as an english "eye" is close enough, - so *EYE*-mer like you'd say "timer" without the t. Same principle for the pronounciation of the race of the gods (aesir) first syllable is stressed, not the second - *ICE*-r, like what you might call a machine that makes ice - not A-seer, like arguing with someone over the specific article to use when speaking about one seer.

Author Umberto Fournier ( ago)
another great series

Author GregTom2 ( ago)
So, are there two different mythological Narratives where Tiamat exists?

Author onytay75 ( ago)
yall have 5 videos in this series start making a playlist

Author Justin Wahl ( ago)
BTW: on the playlist for Crash Course Mythology, only half of the videos are actually there.

Author mer kikima ( ago)
kids the side effect of sexe i couldn't agree more

Author Alexander Vasilev ( ago)
Cronus is not the God of time, Chronus is.

Author Penguin Fancy ( ago)
Thanks Percy Jackson!

Author Canbeg ( ago)

Author TheApachacha ( ago)
You also missed the part where Tiamat married her son Kingu, who wore the Tablet of Destiny as a breastplate.

Also you didn't mention the link between the Greek myths of Uranus/Cronues and the Hittie Song of Kingship.

Author TheApachacha ( ago)
The absence of a Barney Stinson graphic when you said "legendary sex" is very troubling.

Author Khoa Tran ( ago)
ehh cronus and chronos is 2 god right??? is cronus also a time god?

Author Dokkalfr ( ago)
Huh...never heard Tiamat pronounced like that...assuming it's a more proper pronunciation

as an aside, I ALSO love to say Hekatonchires

Author Tj Chapman ( ago)
The earth is not some god it is the third planet from the sun were 7 billion people live and die. It shares the solar system with eight other planets Pluto being the smallest and farthest away from the sun.

Author Mark Koehr ( ago)
Chronos and Kronos/cronos are two different people right?

Author dfghjk,mn jhgfgh ( ago)
what happened to the hankatoncoreas?

Author Matthew Puzzo ( ago)
Hecatoncheires' Honky-Tonk: The favorite musical genre of the gods.

Author Drilling4mana ( ago)

Author TastelessTacoTV ( ago)
hA! You know what face a mother couldn't love? Hephaestus. GET IT #holyhera #pjo

Author MIS ( ago)
This is a really great topic, but the Toth joke is as stupid as the open letter embarrassment.

Author Saurabh Banik ( ago)
What???? a video on creation through disenbowlment and dismembering of deities without even a mention of the mesoamerican religions like the aztecs or mayans???

Author TheTrueSonoxPowre ( ago)

Author oshidonimlop ( ago)
Great for avoiding Uranus by pronouncing something closer to the Greek Ouranos! 😄

Author AnimeShinigami13 ( ago)
"...who would do the work that the gods preferred not to do." and thus would be born a shitty translation via Zachariah Sitchin (sp) and from the shitty translation, a conspiracy theory was born via the mind of swiss hotel manager Erik von Danniken, and from the conspiracy theory was born a tribe of tinfoil hat wearing fearful people who believed the government was the root of all evil, and their cries of terror were heard by a movie producer who created... DUN DUN DUN! ... STARGATE! :D

Author Arianna Kamal ( ago)
Starting at 7:29 there is a tiny transcript in the bottom left corner.

Author RampantLionworks ( ago)
I'm little disappointed that the earth fathers and sky mothers aren't touched upon. Egyptian mythology being the most well known example

Author UnusualTrouble ( ago)
is it me or we are missing an episode?

Author lktv ekt ( ago)
So the Ask and Embla story is pretty similar to Adam and Eve...

Author Ganesh Datar ( ago)
Was that a Natraja Statuette back on that table?

Author Psychic Friction ( ago)
I was expecting the series to go by geographical areas

Author Ancient Greek Holidays ( ago)
Awesome video. passion with Greek Mythology

Author Robert Rodgers ( ago)
Brilliantly done! Thank You!

Author Dianela wilson Kery ( ago)
Is this real learning

Author Shama Ruhi ( ago)
Why do it say #4 where #2 and #3

Author Rachel Evans ( ago)
does the rainbow bridge have anything to do with the rainbow road from mario kart?

Author Sabrina Simms ( ago)
I feel like it bears mentioning that the Heccatonichies (sp) were not the only titans trapped within Gaia; they all were. Forgive my bluntness, but because Ouranos feared being overthrown by one of his children, he simply never pulled out. He remained joined to Gaia leaving all of her children to grow within her because they had nowhere to go. She got very uncomfortable and tired of Ouranos's shenanigans and gifted Kronos/Saturn the adamant sickle. He castrated his father as the only means of escaping for he and his siblings.

Also, I noticed disagreement in the contents on whether the Titans and the Olympian gods are the same race or not. Take into account that Aphrodite is technically a Titan generationally, however, she is revered as one of the most popular of the twelve Olympians. Titans, primordials, etc are basically just generational delineations to minimize confusion, though the line gets very blurry at times. Mind you, typically, the older beings have powers above those of the younger. Aphrodite is a grand example because she is the reason there is desire and she's the reason Zeus can't keep it in his pants. She's basically his Aunt.

Source: several courses in the classics with particular academic focus on Greek myth.

Author Sayan Roy Chowdhury ( ago)
How about the Hindu Creation Story

Author Cili Oakenshield ( ago)
Why does this keep referencing old episodes? Theres only ` one another episode. Did i miss something?

Author NanjeofKro ( ago)
A note I hope you'll pick up on, or else it will drive me mad for the rest of the series: Old Norse names are almost always stressed on the first syllable, so its YMir, not ymIR.

Author Niyati Shah ( ago)
the only things i know about Greek mythology are from Rick Riordan.

Author bhavana samhita ( ago)
I can't stop laughing, idk why! 😂😂😂

Author archana patwal ( ago)
i really like that Natraj at the back

Author Hermione Granger ( ago)
A rainbow bridge. That's my favorite kind of bridge. I feel you bro.

Author Robert Cooper ( ago)
Marduk desires not the barren wasteland of your desicated viscera.

Author Boozer ( ago)
So coooooollll!!!!!

Author Boozer ( ago)

Author bnerd1 ( ago)
i love thot

Author Ian Robert ( ago)
You pronounced Thoth's name wrong

Author banzaiduck506 ( ago)
that babylonian myth could have used a family tree. i had to draw one in order to keep up.

Author Black Røse ( ago)
Actually female seahorses produce the eggs, then the father just take the eggs into his pouch and waits for them to hatch.. so yea the female is still the one giving birth there.

Author adiksaff ( ago)
Final Fantasy fan in me went "Ooooooooooooooooooooooooooooh!! That's where they got Vanille's Eidolon... Cool!!!"

Love this series! Keep it up!

Author Javan Ashong ( ago)
If Joseph Campbell doesn't get a mention I will be extremely disappointed

Author Feynstein 100 ( ago)
It's gonna be legend...........wait for it............dary. Come on, YouTube. No how i met your mother references? You disappoint me.

Author Feynstein 100 ( ago)
Hey, didn't the Neanderthals have religion? I wonder how that would be possible in a hunter-gatherer society.

Author Akhil P ( ago)
age of mythology finally paying off

Author viet/vaughn pham ( ago)
*Legendary Sex*

Author Mark Zink ( ago)
Suddenly, "Hercules: the Legendary Journeys" makes total sense.

Author The Kraken Experiment ( ago)
Man, Freud must of had the biggest field day with this stuff.

Author theyakkoman ( ago)
About the "Bodies becoming the world", all I have to say is:

"Humankind cannot gain anything without first giving something in return. To obtain, something of equal value must be lost. That is Alchemy's First Law of Equivalent Exchange."

Author Magnus Lehn ( ago)
Are there any examples of a "Father Earth" at all, or is the mythical consensus that earth is always interpreted as female?

Author Rachael Lefler ( ago)
Although, I was hoping for a Shinto story this time. Amaterasu and Izunagi and Izunami, when do we get to that?

Author Asetari Greenfire ( ago)
Could you please if possible partly explain some celtic myths?

Author Rachael Lefler ( ago)
I was mad about the lack of Tiamat in previous episodes yay they got to it finally!

Author Rachael Lefler ( ago)
Thoth is so adorable... I wish I could hug him...

Author juan pardo ( ago)
you should talk about the muisca mithology about the dorado

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