Why Is Fake Blood so Hard to Make?

  • Added:  1 month ago
  • Functional artificial blood could solve a lot of problems, so why hasn't it been created yet?

    Hosted by: Hank Green
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    Sources:
    https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/04/170419100831.htm
    https://www.statnews.com/2017/02/27/artificial-blood-substitute/
    http://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/fake-blood-will-go-clinical-trial-uk-180955721/
    http://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/health-and-families/health-news/nhs-to-give-volunteers-synthetic-blood-made-in-a-laboratory-within-two-years-10343279.html#gallery
    http://www.nhsbt.nhs.uk/news-and-media/news-articles/news_2015_06_25.asp
    https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn27783-what-is-artificial-blood-and-why-is-the-uk-going-to-trial-it/
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2738310/
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2728196/
    http://www.nhsbt.nhs.uk/research-and-development/research-themes/
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC137239/
    http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0749070408000845
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3578950/
  • Video CategoriesEducation
  • Runtime: 4:39
  • Tags for this video:  SciShow  science  Hank  Green  education  learn  Why Is Fake Blood So Hard to Make?  artificial  donate  blood  rerigeration  perishable  infection  oxygen  transport  hemoglobin  lab  transfusion  manufacture  safe  perfluorocarbon  fluorine  carbon  co2  o2  emulsion  hydrophobic  bloodstream  body  treatment  symptoms  protein  toxic  chemically modifying  synthetic  envelope  type  freeze-dried  disease  stem cell  marrow  umbilical cord  NIH  

Comments: 522

  • Noel Blackketter
    Noel Blackketter 4 days ago

    Horseshoe crabs? Don't people murder the poor things for their blood?

  • Olivia C-G
    Olivia C-G 13 days ago

    to be fair red blood cells have had millions of years of evolution to become as good as they are so the fact that humans can get anywhere close to it is remarkable

  • Jason Shaffer
    Jason Shaffer 13 days ago

    Omni Gel is real.

  • Malou Lewin
    Malou Lewin 17 days ago

    what if I would donate some bone marrow, would labs be able to farm blood. from that?

  • Jeffrey levouski
    Jeffrey levouski 27 days ago

    Why not focus on trying to preserve actual blood indefinatly and just donate blood primarily for personal use?

  • Shian
    Shian 29 days ago

    TIL what 'Efficacy' means.

  • JonatasAdoM
    JonatasAdoM 1 month ago

    Now go put there ans donate your blood

  • David Lopez
    David Lopez 1 month ago

    I think the answer is cloning blood instead of creating artificial blood.

  • Nikki Rennardo
    Nikki Rennardo 1 month ago

    I thought this video was gonna be about fake blood in Hollywood .-.

  • Nikki Rennardo
    Nikki Rennardo 1 month ago

    I thought this video was gonna be about fake blood in Hollywood .-.

  • Neoicecreaman
    Neoicecreaman 1 month ago

    I thought this was actually about how making ~movie~ fake blood was hard. woops.

  • suteners2111
    suteners2111 1 month ago

    why not use pig blood?

  • Steve Cheetah
    Steve Cheetah 1 month ago

    Donating blood should be mandatory. ;)

  • XXFoxy_Girl XX
    XXFoxy_Girl XX 1 month ago

    Can you buy that on a store any store beacause I want to buy that beacause I love drinking blood even Im feeling Im a vampire I also love to bite my hand but I dont have fangs for real

  • The Trident Gamer
    The Trident Gamer 1 month ago

    Why do we fall unconscious? It seems like it needs explaining. P.S I'm new to the channel, so IDK know if they did a vid on that

  • Ionnatsu Phobia
    Ionnatsu Phobia 1 month ago

    I think we would have people that would reject it because it's not natural

  • Skye ID
    Skye ID 1 month ago

    Can people with sickle cell/sickle cell trait give blood, or is our blood unusable?

  • rt tr
    rt tr 1 month ago

    the moment I heard the word "substitute" I knew it had to do something with stem cells

  • Holden Montgomery
    Holden Montgomery 1 month ago

    His left side collar isn't buttoned down...

  • Jesse Livingston
    Jesse Livingston 1 month ago

    Truuuue bloooood

  • Katerina Urbanova
    Katerina Urbanova 1 month ago

    Dear SciShow heroes of mine,

    even if I am not able to be your patreon (now), I have a wish. Could you please make video about Rh factor? I am Rh negative and when I tried to search on YT some info.. I found out that I am illuminati, reptilian and other """so true""" information.

    I would love to hear about origin of this mutation? or what it is, the risk for pregnant mothers is now pretty common knowledge I hope. But mostly I need ground-standing info from relevant source. Lighthouse in the dark depths of internet <3

    Thanks for great work you are doing
    Hello from Prague, Czech Republic

    Kate

  • Stefan Ootes
    Stefan Ootes 1 month ago

    My bloodtype is AB-, so does that mean I can get blood A-, B-, AB- and 0- or also the positive ones.

  • phillip kalaveras
    phillip kalaveras 1 month ago

    Hell IDK maybe because it's a living organism and not an inert liquid and we don't know how to create something that is alive from something that is not..... yet.

  • T.W. Someone
    T.W. Someone 1 month ago

    raiden made it work for him

  • Alan Tennant
    Alan Tennant 1 month ago

    Maybe the first step to making artificial blood is in producing factories in the form of artificial test tube bone.

  • Ashield Gurlhosur
    Ashield Gurlhosur 1 month ago

    I m Offensive and i find this Vampire

  • Robert Schuster
    Robert Schuster 1 month ago

    Vampire Bill needs Trueblood...

  • Hayim
    Hayim 1 month ago

    Fix your collar Hank!

  • ztrglider
    ztrglider 1 month ago

    you mean artificial blood.. not fake blood.

  • darkseeker102
    darkseeker102 1 month ago

    Wait for the nano machines

  • Al Norris
    Al Norris 1 month ago

    I didn't even realize you could make artificial blood
    The thought never crossed my mind

  • Sam Pinales
    Sam Pinales 1 month ago

    Why can't we just directly put oxygen into the brain and heart? Have we tried this and it doesn't work? Is it too difficult?

  • Air After
    Air After 1 month ago

    why do i always misread your captions?

  • woolfoma
    woolfoma 1 month ago

    I think the solution is to get people to donate blood more, there's plenty to go around, if only most people were willing.

  • Bloodbath and Beyond

    If blood only lasts 42 days refrigerated, then why do we have to wait 56 days before donating again? Seems like a system set up for failure.

  • Josh Dyer
    Josh Dyer 1 month ago

    Hey, SciShow, How do cells know whether to bond together (and how do they do this) or float freely such as blood cells?

  • Théo A. Monteiro
    Théo A. Monteiro 1 month ago

    Hemoglobin is toxic. What?! So everybody has poison running through their veins?!

  • shrey bhaskar
    shrey bhaskar 1 month ago

    how many types of vitamins r there apart frm A,B,C,D,E,K??

  • Ο Επιστήμων

    All the cells...

  • Aaron Roberts
    Aaron Roberts 1 month ago

    4:02 Sowutions?

  • Ruben Medina
    Ruben Medina 1 month ago

    Why do devices keep charging if you unplug and plug them back in. Not phones but devices that have indicator lights to show the charge level my Nintendo DS, camera batteries, and power Bank are examples.

  • DukeOfMarshall
    DukeOfMarshall 1 month ago

    Creation continues to amaze is.

  • Cowboy Hank
    Cowboy Hank 1 month ago

    A big portion of my last biology exam was about the complications of creating artificial blood, in particular about some kind of hemoglobin from I believe lobsters or something. I don't remember much but it was very interesting

  • Mangesh Mandlik
    Mangesh Mandlik 1 month ago

    If haemoglobin is toxic, how can people survive eating blood sausage?

  • ffarkasm
    ffarkasm 1 month ago

    just use diluted solution of FeSCN2+

  • Turalcar
    Turalcar 1 month ago

    Oh, yes. I remember that episode of Sarah Connor Chronicles.

  • chris roberts
    chris roberts 1 month ago

    Here's an idea, kidneys make blood right?
    Why not create... Or harvest kidneys in a lab to specifically create a continued source of blood?
    All you need to do is provide the kidneys with what they need to keep working and there you go, blood bags on demand. :)

  • MyHerpes Itch
    MyHerpes Itch 1 month ago

    Die Jehovah's Witnesses! Starve of this lifesaving-human-borne richness you are deprived of.

  • Humanity 3.0
    Humanity 3.0 1 month ago

    Have we tried to clone bone marrow, and modify it to chronically produce red blood cells, then harvest those for use?

  • LordBummingtonThe3rd

    I thought this was going to be about the other kind of fake blood

  • Hallie Betbeze
    Hallie Betbeze 1 month ago

    Why do people get shin splints and what is it?

  • rc xb
    rc xb 1 month ago

    Patients get charged thousands for a blood transfusion, yet the donors get a few cookies out of the deal. Instead of guilt, try PAYING donors a small amount, even if just in the form of grocery store gift cards...

  • CEO of YouTube
    CEO of YouTube 1 month ago

    Because humans are stupid

  • Danial Abbas
    Danial Abbas 1 month ago

    BLOODY BRILLIANT

  • Danial Abbas
    Danial Abbas 1 month ago

    I LOVE THIS CHANNEL

  • Leon Janssens
    Leon Janssens 1 month ago

    warn facilitate retired ipzlqep rapidly appointment exclusive detective taxpayer.

  • Davelyn
    Davelyn 1 month ago

    Fun fact: Perfluorocarbon is actually really cool cause in it's pure form it's a liquid that you can breathe in and it's actually used in modern torture! They will place their victim in a small pool with a top that's completely dark and the victim will think they're drowning and the transition from breathing the liquid to the air is painful so they'll take the victim out and tell them that they revived them and if they don't give them information they will "drown" them again and they can do this as much as need without the fear of the victim being harmed

  • Mounted Czarina
    Mounted Czarina 1 month ago

    Rain of blood...SHALL RAIN DOWN TODAY!

  • Shrek T
    Shrek T 1 month ago

    Or instead make an organ to produce the fake blood.

  • Razz Putitin
    Razz Putitin 1 month ago

    Fear the old blood!

  • Daniel Foland
    Daniel Foland 1 month ago

    In ten years viewers might be like, "duh, you just CRISPR pig bone marrow".

  • FullOf Detemmienation!!!

    Why do people get paid for donating plasma but not for donating blood?

    • Idoit Rachel Sms
      Idoit Rachel Sms 1 month ago

      FullOf Detemmienation!!! If you have a specific blood type you get paid £10


  • Qi Huna
    Qi Huna 1 month ago

    Beet Root and water for thin blood.
    Beet Root, water and baking soda for thick blood.
    I've used this mixed every Halloween for the past 18-years :)

    **Warning: It might stain depending on the material but most times not!

    I've been Gene Simmons(KISS), Alice Cooper, a Tampon on its period and VARIOUS of Corpses!!

  • yunthi
    yunthi 1 month ago

    keep wondering how hard it would be to cultivate bone marrow and keep it artificially "alive" and have it produce the blood for us.

  • Jukkaimaru
    Jukkaimaru 1 month ago

    Even if it is created, we still have to prime it with nanomachines before we can make badass ninja cyborgs.

  • Dev Patel
    Dev Patel 1 month ago

    Bloody hell Harry

  • The Religious Atheist Bakchodi Corner

    Just start filling liquid O2 in people's blood vessels. Problem solved.

  • Patrick Cox
    Patrick Cox 1 month ago

    Why can't we just a whole bone structure in test tubes like growing ears on mice?

  • WJohnM
    WJohnM 1 month ago

    Fake anything is easy to make, as long as it doesn't actually have to DO anything.

  • justin
    justin 1 month ago

    say Hank has anyone tried making I artificial bone marrow that makes blood cells?

  • Rockerchavnerdemo
    Rockerchavnerdemo 1 month ago

    I thought this would be about real fake blood, not fake real blood.

  • Michael Errico
    Michael Errico 1 month ago

    Many PFCs can bind with Albumin in the blood and be transported to various areas of the body where their toxicity causes diseases like cancer with chronic low-level exposure. They can also cause acute symptoms if exposed to a large dose. That could explain the side effects of the fake blood prototypes. Though I don't know what exact compound was used in the fake blood tested, PFCs generally are considered persistent organic pollutants that can be found in almost everyone's blood in the ppt to ppb levels. It's just my layman's perspective.

  • ThinkYou
    ThinkYou 1 month ago

    NumberOfBandagesInKit - -;

  • 6burg1
    6burg1 1 month ago

    I believe Cornell researchers just made a big break through in the stem cell approach very recently.

  • Dictator Trump
    Dictator Trump 1 month ago

    Douglas Adams was onto something when he said 42 was the Meaning of Life.

  • Bea Al
    Bea Al 1 month ago

    Just recently and I mean very recent they developed lab grown blood stem cells. https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/lab-grown-blood-stem-cells-produced-at-last/

  • rogatogovedo rogatdobityk

    Its not hard they make it in True Blood and that show is totally realistic !

  • Yoda Ydyxz
    Yoda Ydyxz 1 month ago

    This is the reason to believe there is god.

  • InformalNarwhal
    InformalNarwhal 1 month ago

    Im ashamed I thought this video was about making costume make up blood before it occured to me this is scischow and we have real blood problems.

  • Mad Hatman
    Mad Hatman 1 month ago

    nano bots would work better.

  • Confused Person #791

    Why not pump out all dead people to solve blood shortage? Or is this already enlisted in the Organ donor stuff?

  • binky2819
    binky2819 1 month ago

    Was I the only one that thought he was gonna talk about how its so hard to make fake blood for movies and stuff? I didn't expect at all for him to talk about synthetic blood that can actually be used in humans. I think they should have called it "artificial" or "synthetic", not "fake".


    Just me? ok then.

  • Ben Lester
    Ben Lester 1 month ago

    I have a question, what would happen if I injected hot sauce into my blood? I know it's weird but I'd really like to know

    • Wei Zhao
      Wei Zhao 1 month ago

      It won't make you spicy. It will most likely hurt you and then kill you.


  • Nin10
    Nin10 1 month ago

    human farms? job involves giving blood and nothing else

  • Ben Barker
    Ben Barker 1 month ago

    Contact Alan Ball. I think he may be able to help.

  • Beep Beep lettuce
    Beep Beep lettuce 1 month ago

    you guys should put some of your videos on the playstore as "music".

  • BlueBeamProductions
    BlueBeamProductions 1 month ago

    just inject some air in to your veins and you are a-ok!

  • Benjiman Murray
    Benjiman Murray 1 month ago

    can't you use coconut milk as a blood substitute in emergency situations? Honestly, that's a thing. Google it

  • RAGNAROS THE FIRELORD

    if we can make fake blood (sort of) then can we make fake Blood Elves?

  • DoctorX17
    DoctorX17 1 month ago

    I think saying "artificial" rather than "fake" blood in the title would be better... I thought this was gonna be about fake blood like you'd use in a movie or on TV. Still interesting though

  • Ahmad Yh
    Ahmad Yh 1 month ago

    Why is there blood around my anus

    • Wei Zhao
      Wei Zhao 1 month ago

      because of bad hygiene, bad food, or sickness


  • K-FAKE Channel
    K-FAKE Channel 1 month ago

    I bet in the future there a company who harvest blood from poor people then give them highly nutrition food as payment

  • ruddthree
    ruddthree 1 month ago

    I thought this was about special effects blood.

  • clickerzzzz
    clickerzzzz 1 month ago

    Bottom line: donate blood ;)

  • MatthewGaming 11
    MatthewGaming 11 1 month ago

    Just use ketchup

  • Ellipsis Mark
    Ellipsis Mark 1 month ago

    Why use fake blood when you can just use nano-machines!

  • Elizabeth Skvarenina

    Now what about platelets? My local blood center begs everyone to do apheresis instead of regular whole blood, but did a triple platelet donation yesterday and being hooked up for 90 minutes starts to get uncomfortable. I think it's worth it to help save lives, but don't find it as easy as regular whole blood donation.

  • Smidge204
    Smidge204 1 month ago

    You either now have "The Bloodmobile" by They Might Be Giants stuck in your head, or you're googling it.

  • Rob Mckennie
    Rob Mckennie 1 month ago

    that cross is a graphic design fail

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