RSA ANIMATE: Changing Education Paradigms

This RSA Animate was adapted from a talk given at the RSA by Sir Ken Robinson, world-renowned education and creativity expert and recipient of the RSA's Benjamin Franklin award.

The RSA is a 258 year-old charity devoted to driving social progress and spreading world-changing ideas.

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This audio has been edited from the original event by Becca Pyne. Series produced by Abi Stephenson, RSA.

Animation by Cognitive Media. Andrew Park, the mastermind behind the Animate series and everyone's favourite hairy hand, discusses their appeal and success in his blog post, 'Talk to the hand':

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Runtime: 11:41
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Author Natalia Barrios ( ago)
Hi,I from Argentina I'm seventeen, I agree with the video,is very interenting. Thanks for the information!

Author sandra valentim ( ago)
Why can't we see the last 10 seconds?...

Author Mood Ke ( ago)
The subject you talked about where kids lose the ability to "think outside the box" is interesting because I love studying Math and number theories. And there is an number theory that say that when we are children we think of things in linear aspects, ie 1-2-3-4-5, but right before we are sent into the education system (about 3 years old) we start to group things, ie 3-9-12-16. But after being sent to school, we lose that instict to group things in 3s because we are force taught that linear counting is the right way. Of course, if you think about math as a subject linear thinking is good but our human instinct tells us to group things because if you are being chased by 3 bears vs being chased by 9 bears, its obvious which is worse. But when you count the bears linearly, there could be 10 bears or there could be 11 bears, but you're still going to run for your life instead of counting to see which is worse.
Anyways, I think this would tie in with that in some way. Because we are taught to think in linear aspects in school we lose the ability to think "outside the box" and thus why being consider a "genius" becomes more rare as we get older.

Author LearnEnglishESL ( ago)
Thank you. "The tree which does not bring forth fruit is fit only for the fire. Strive night and day to change men into fruitful trees, virgin forests into divine orchards and deserts into rose gardens of significance..." - Baha'i Quote

Author Chainsawctopus ( ago)
i differ with him on the definition of creativity at least. actually, by its nature and even my own definition, should there even really be one concrete, all-inclusive definition of creativity?

Author Angel ( ago)
anyone know what they use to animate this?

Author jeongah ryu ( ago)
I'm freshman under 'Seoul Women's University' in South Korea, and our English class (proposed for upgrading listening&speaking ability.... kind of obligation of our school for freshmen) ranged over this video. Students learned about Education more elaborately.... and it made girls to think about fundamental function of education. Almost none hesitated to participate and express opinion. I also saw Korean TV show few days ago.... it was a debate of two author based on a book written by Sir Ken Robinson.. it's really surprising nothing seems changed in education field, although World is changing drastically day by day....  maybe it's not only limited situation to Korea. how can we change paradigms and make come true our town, city, nation, word better for students to learn what they need and want? it is obvious adults need to search some better way...

Author The Pholosopher ( ago)
Fantastic animation, subscribed!

Author Tormenta Azul ( ago)
el MISMO CONTENIDO de la misma FORMA para todos... TRANSFORMAR a la BREVEDAD

Author Gerardo Jesús Mendoza Manuel ( ago)
Este video habla de cómo las sociedades están evolucionando sus sistemas educativos, pero el problema es que lo quieren hacer repitiendo procesos del pasado. Se menciona también la necesidad de un cambio real que rompa con paradigmas obsoletos de la era de la revolución industrial y la idea de "estandarización" y pruebas objetivas. Aquí en México, eso lo relacionamos con la expresión coloquial de "la letra con sangre entra". Es ahí donde se empata de manera perfecta mi Plan de mejora, al proponer el uso del portafolio electrónico como instrumento cualitativo/auténtico de evaluación de los aprendizajes, como parte de esta actualización, este repensamiento de la educación formal y los procesos que conlleva.
Gerardo Mendoza

Author Horatio Oswald ( ago)
Hey, the deterioration of divergent thinking into adulthood is more because of synaptic pruning than the education system.

Author MJ and Patrick at the Cold Fall Out Disco! Dragons ( ago)
that was soo good i didn't want it to be over

Author Maureen Kabana ( ago)
So interesting.....

Author Matthew Nelson ( ago)
I rewatch this periodically. There's a reason this guy is a knight :-p

Author Aditya Prasad ( ago)
Wow, I was just shocked when I realized I never questioned the rationality behind classes based on age. Just think about it, it makes 0 sense. WHY do we do that! it should not be made so hard to jump classes, and failing shouldn't be made a huge deal. Here I was breaking my head over the fact that a class has people who learn at different rate, how am I going to teach all of them effectively. I never for a moment thought of not arranging them by age!

Ringing bells, separate toilets based on gender, those are fine. Even different subjects are cool, you need to break down the problem of teaching into subproblems, we can classify the curriculum differently but I think we would still be grouping students on some basis.

I am so sure I'll read this comment in the future and feel like I was overreacting by far.

Coming to the video's topic at large, I have to say its possible but too costly to implement. Imagine framing a education system where each child's uniqueness is allowed to be expressed. Wow, thats worth trying hard to achieve. But for now we try to group the children into broad groups. We should respect the Arts as much as the Sciences, but currently due to how only a few artists can make money (value) this respect is less. Before they couldn't replicate the work of artists so easily.

Yes there is a single answer for math problems at the back, but there are SO many ways of reaching that one answer. Other subjects like history, politics should be discussed, encourage the children to think of their own reasoning. I really do believe that even without a great shift in the paradigm (not to say that isn't needed) with great teachers at every level in the kids lives we can make a really big difference.

Author Vincent Craplet ( ago)

Author Dr. A. Nickolus Bell ( ago)

Author fadila glory ( ago)
really informative

Author Dinkey is real ( ago)

Author mads max ( ago)
What about the unseen future? what if we complete known physics by adding space torque and create unified physics? What if all new systems in the future are based on the the understanding of the vector equilibrium. Then what happens to all the man made social systems we have created? Even the educational system is biased to this type of change or thinking.

Author Corrado Campisano ( ago)
by the way...

@1:27 there are missing words, in both lecture and drawings, to me

indeed, I would also expect "STUDENT DEBT" there...

Author Corrado Campisano ( ago)
Lots of time ago, on the italian version of Scientific American, I red a study about an "invariant" of our brains: the sum of the products of the number of synapses by the area of each synapse is almost a constant, for all neurons.

So, children are born with lots small synapses, which then are "selectively reinforced" (*),
so that an adult has less synapses, but with a larger area each.

Noticeably, elder people and people with mental disease have even less, even larger synapses.

I think this explain the results of the "genius test" for "divergent thinking".

(*) Physically, is like muscles grow or get reduced: by exercise (lots of signal passing there will grow the area to allow for more "capacity"). Mathematically, it's the way neural networks adjust: positive or negative feedback adjusts the thresholds/weights.


Author Eric Gregg ( ago)
Powerful video that all educators should watch. Honestly I never considered the "why" behind education. I agree with SKR , something needs to change to better engage and maintain students. The resources available to educators and children now are abundant and plentiful and should be used and not taken away. I would add that the change needs to start from the top down however, educators need to "buy in".

Author Adam Ovard ( ago)
I wish the change in education started sooner. I do not like how it is here in the USA. I wish we could also move towards trades more in high school. That way most people would have jobs right out of High School. I feel that High School should be a trade school in which one can tack his time to become a master at what ever filled they are going into. How gives a crap about a High School diploma. Trades and skills are way better. What do you think?

Author Stevie Bell ( ago)
This is inspiring and everyone who watches this will take away something. Especially if you are or are planning to teach.

Author Frederic Boileau ( ago)
Discipline and Punish for dummies, quite quite

Author Jacqui Burke ( ago)
Brilliant! Just amazing how we have been so conditioned to age old theories/practices. We were NOT all created the same - for a very good reason I would suggest! Therefore just because a child does not conform to a particular view of the mind does not mean that child will not and cannot make a brilliant contribution to life. Standardisation just has to go! Thank you SO much for this thought provoking, challenging  video!

Author College Alternative Podcast ( ago)
Which educational system is making the best strides toward the ideal for educating today's youth? Is it Montessori, current Common Core, Unschooling, etc?

Author mads max ( ago)
Donald trump approves this message. Lol.

Author Gina Lorini ( ago)
absolutely true!

Author Tonny Lundahl ( ago)
Geweldig, precies wat ik altijd zeg. Ik heb hier heel veel last van, want ik pas niet in de standaards. Heerlijk om een medestander te vinden. Ga zo door. xxx

Author Valen Volk ( ago)
Can anyone provide me the source for the damn paperclip study?? I've tried searching scholarly and nothing.. He doesn't even provide a % for 13-15 sample group..... *sigh*

Author Indranil Roy ( ago)
Ken/others... This is a powerful concept of teaching to the current generations of young learners. Let's take this scenario, that I've put on FB:

Do you think this approach breaks away from tradition and makes education more valuable, productive, and outcome oriented than before? Is this what schools worldover are doing?

Author Mourtadah Karim ( ago)
hey Phil Beals :D nice shirt, i like that color on you :)

Author kefsound ( ago)
The paperclip test is absurd.

Author mads max ( ago)
A doctor prescribed me that garbage at the age of 12. I took it for a year before i started spitting them out. I went to the nurses office to get dosed like it was a concentration camp before lunch. School was a joke in 90s and i am affraid to say we are a culture in decline.

Author The Gold Is In the Land ( ago)

Author Booyaka Bumbaclot ( ago)
why does it cut at the end? where's the continuation?

Author DrHardrocker ( ago)
this is excellent

Author Barack Obama ( ago)
Who's idea was it to put that annoying ass squeaky marker in the beginning of the video?

Author Hasan İNCE ( ago)
jose kalp kalp kalp

Author Commie Bastard ( ago)
While I agree that a good school environment is important (I could not survive if I still was in public school, and I tried to run away from my public school multiple times when I was) I could also not survive socially or emotionally without my medication. I could not survive without my meds, and I ultimately feel like I can function more rather than less, and I can process more information not less, and I enjoy learning more not less, with my meds than without them.

Author john t ( ago)
I was diagnosed with ADHD and was given all the drugs, thank you modern education for that, so I feel that I am qualified to say that THERE IS NO SUCH THING AS ADD/ADHD. I have a different way of thinking than other people or they are different from me, take your pick. Point is when you call something a "disorder" then its a problem that needs fixing. And how do we fix things?? DRUGS! Of course, because God forbid that teachers actually do their jobs and identify the learning needs of children. If you have a child, and you are being told that he/she, more likely the former, has ADD and needs meds, PLEASE don't, please, they will never learn to live with their own mind and will only become drug dependent, don't force them to think the way other people say they should. There are alternatives, martial arts, dance, horse riding, dog training, calligraphy. Hobbies such as these will help your child discipline their own mind. Please don't force some drug on your kids, Ritalin/Adderall, whatever the name, they make you feel like someone else not yourself.  Look at the alternatives, for their sake.

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Author Gussie Lyde ( ago)
*I need essay writer. Please recommend.*

Author Brian Antezana ( ago)
still relevant

Author Pamela Klebes ( ago)
*I need essay writer. Please recommend.*

Author Theodore A Hoppe ( ago)
Epidemic: The Misdiagnosis of ADHD

"The problem, in the ADHD world and others—particularly psychiatric—is that the companies hijacked the entire field. It corralled all the top researchers and doctors in the field and paid them five, six, even seven-figures apiece to conduct studies all written in the same key: ADHD is more widespread and dangerous than anyone knows, the drugs work wonderfully and with almost no side effects, and that if you don't diagnose and medicate a child, he or she will be doomed to academic and social failure, crash their car, get venereal disease and more."

Author GoSingleMamma! ( ago)
We know how can we change it???

Author Mehul Mishra ( ago)
The problem with putting advanced students in higher grades is that it is discouraging to the other students. If they constantly see younger students advancing faster than them they will start losing motivation and study even less

Author Amicable Enmity ( ago)
I think a lot of people want to have the label of ADHD so they can have some sort security blanket covering up their lack of discipline. It is a real problem, but it is not as common as you think it is. It's like your average edgy teen self-diagnosing themselves with depression when in reality they just have bad social skills and none of the other symptoms of depression. That's not to say teens don't have it, but this whole "I NEED a label" trend isn't helping those who actually have problems.

Author Narwolf ( ago)
"We shouldn't be putting them to sleep, we should be waking them up." Um, RITALIN IS A STIMULANT. It's like, literally, the exact opposite of an anesthetic. Did he actually research these drugs? So, here's the deal. We are actually stimulation deprived, which means our hyperactivity is not the effect of excess energy, but rather a manifestation of our desperation to get adequate mental stimulation. That's why we seek thrills, entertainment, sugar, and attention, even more so than neurotypical people. They give us what we naturally lack. We can't focus on anything less than interesting because we're basically constantly starving. What a stimulant does for us is it fills that gap. It satisfies us so we can direct our attention to the more mundane tasks.

Author Narwolf ( ago)
Maybe ADHD is "growing" not because the world is changing, but because we're finally beginning to understand what it is. Especially in the past decade since we've started realizing that it's a lot more than just hyperactivity and distractibility. I didn't particularly look or act like a typical ADHD kid, so I wasn't diagnosed until adulthood.

Author Narwolf ( ago)
"It's still a matter of debate." Yeah, the same way we still debate whether or not vaccines cause Autism or whether or not the Holocaust happened.

Author HashMatter KardHashian ( ago)
ADHD eh? Well it didn't exists when I went to school, that's for sure.

Author Frau Huebner ( ago)
This is powerful.

Author John Mason ( ago)
Emma Watson brought me here

Author Meltem Caymaz ( ago)

Author Christina C ( ago)
Our current global civilisation is severely broken and closed minded (selfish thinking) and it isnt working. I'm glad that there are more people that appreciate other's and the positive message they are spreading. The great thing is that slowly but surely changes are starting to be made and I am thrilled that all children will have the opportunity to express themselves with the greatness they were born with.

Author Aidana Kassymova ( ago)
Where I can found text of this?

Author Val-schaeffer ( ago)
So we need a society full of cutting edge, groundbreaking Philosophers, finding new dimensions and new interpretations in everything, who look down upon the worker bees from Polytechnic and apprenticeship background.

Author apricus 94 ( ago)
It would be so great to have such an animation in German language - fantastic illustration of wise words!

Author Don Mackie ( ago)
very informative! Thanks for the enlightenment

Author Rose Anne Tuplano ( ago)
so great animation!!!!!!! very well presented🎉🎉🎉🎉👍🏻👍🏻👍🏻😂👏🏻👏🏻👏🏻👏🏻

Author NapoleonExploded ( ago)
I see where the Divergent book series came from.

Author Tyler Antwan ( ago)
Why doesn't he say the results of the Break Point test for the older kids?

Author Мотикаря ( ago)
You got my subscription there.

Author Dean Arthur ( ago)
Firstly, this was a very cool teaching method! The combination of the illustrated drawing piece combined with the skilled orator on a very current subject, Bravo. I found myself overly engaged in the speech. Now to touch upon the content within the speech. The part which had me thinking greatly after was the section on medicating children for the apparent disorder of ADHD. I knew that ADHD was popular but never was it until I came to college that I found such a high number of people surrounding me who had long been prescribed various medications for this said disease. It truly took me back especially on the factor that my father a pharmacist who profits off this highly questionable industry longed preached to my family and I on his unwary feeling he had on the High amount of Adderal being prescribed to the youth.

Author Aryo Seno ( ago)
well said

Author Hubert Windal ( ago)
Emma Watson brought me here.

Author Adolf Goldstein Shekelberg ( ago)
Stop watching when he started describing stimulants as anaesthetics. The problem with people adhd isn't that they're "too alive" and need to be anaesthetised, it's quite the opposite. Adhd is a chronic lack of dopamine, meaning the only effective way of treating adhd is by increasing the available dopamine and/or inhibiting the re-uptake of dopamine so that it stays in the brain longer. You're not anaesthetising people when you give them ritalin, you are stimulating them.

Author epic ride 786 ( ago)
thank you so much

Author Michael Kahn ( ago)
The education system was developed by the bankers to feed us information to make us cogs in the wheel to perpetuate evil systems that bring money and power to the few. We are given information (no more or less than what) they want us to have, so that we can do as told to in our profession or job.We are taught to regurgitate that information on tests to pass, and thus get a degree qualifying us to get a well-paying job. The books are chosen for us by the establishment, and try challenging the professors with even realistic and logical contesting ideas, and you are failed. My idea of proper way to challenge children, to stimulate them, to help them learn to think, analyze, scrutinize, and develop cognitive abilities; is to have a different means of learning. Perhaps a teacher should do some research on a given subject, find some verified facts, and have a roundtable discussion of implications, solutions, reasons, etc.. children who think and use their heads can help the others find ways to understand, mutual cooperation, and those who have fun ridiculing and joking can be called on rarely, while the slow ones can learn methods of analyzation, as taught in a fitting manner. There is something to be said for learning to think on your own, including research abilities. This is science- the search for ultimate truth, sometimes outside of past "discoveries" and outside the boxes of thinking that have been imposed on us. Our mindsets and worldviews have been created by the media and education system, and these have been designed to impose faulty concepts, actually evil ones, by those who place ultimate value on wealth and power for themselves, and teach us to desire same.

Author Patrick O'Neill ( ago)
This helped consolidate many of my "floating" ideas on education, as well as shine light on valuable new information. Thank you. I really appreciated the animation as well.

Author KissMyAsthma ( ago)
These are the main reasons I quit the education system. I tend to work best if I explore concepts and ideas on my own terms and at my own pace rather than being spoon fed by a college professor in a boring monotonous manner.

Author Ana Priscila ( ago)
Emma brought me here

Author Halee Sikorski ( ago)

Author David Ryan Moore ( ago)
Can you make a version without that damn hand in the way! ;)

Author HereToHelp ( ago)
I remember showing this to my friend shortly after high school.

Sadly the world hasn't listened or changed anything.

Author Montana Burr ( ago)
I agree with the premise of divergent thinking, but if not for standardized testing, how can we ensure our nation's children are developing the skills and knowledge they need to safeguard America's future?

Author Sue Harrison ( ago)
This need to go on the TV!

Author Jason Lin ( ago)
How can I help to edit the traditional Chinese subtitle? the translation is quite off in many section and I won't be able to use it for my teacher workshop.... Willing to transcribe it for free and can be done in few hours. Please let me know how I can contribute to get the message out. Thanks.

Author Nikola Knezevic ( ago)
Pozz kolegama sa Fona. Srećno sa osnovama :)

Author Pearl Lodur - Lionheart ( ago)
***TOTALLY CRAZY, FUNNY and SAD TRUTH..........this is worth every second of your time--and I'd LOVE to know your thoughts after viewing it..........It's PRICELESS............ I've shared it on my Wall many times.

Author Chunes3 ( ago)
This is why I have no respect for teachers who are employed by public schools and most private schools. They are directly supporting a grotesque monster of an institution. The ones who think they can reform it from the inside are completely delusional and do far more harm than good.

Stop. Supporting. Evil.

Author Austin Hartman ( ago)
This should be made into a poster. That would be pretty cool

Author jakemf1 ( ago)
Amazing! I am sure I am not the only one that see's that most of these never talk about the learner! We have separated education from the kids and their families, we talk as if there is a bubble around kids. We have to face that eduction is not "Cool" and it is not valued in this country so why would a kid care! Don't tell me science and History and music and Art and PE aren't fun, they are! Society just has no patience or value for education so parents don"t care (because they did not care as a child) politicians don't care (no money from education) and the kids (they are told daily how "UN Cool" school is) then schools fail and we blame them. Do you blame the farmer for the weather, the coach for the player society would never do that but we blame teachers for students! Don't students have a part in this? Some would say the largest but yet least addressed.

Author Ariel Alzamora Matos ( ago)
I can't believe a kid was given a drug just to make him/her pay attention to a "class", no matter if it was a not interesting topic. I do believe is a challenge to get children interested on what you are teaching though.

Author hillary ( ago)
Doesnt matter how you teach them. You can teach the kids how to swim and only a small percentage of those kids will be successful at the track and field meet. And if you made the system more efficient and actually taught them how to run track and field. Still, only a small percentage will be successful at the track and field meet. This is because regardless of their training. Only a small percentage can win at track and field meets.

Author Novaski ( ago)
wheres part 2,3.. ?

Author redspidernetworks ( ago)
Bildung auf den Punkt gebracht! Klasse!

Author Gideon Wild ( ago)
So many of the problems that he discussed are simply not an issue when you home-school.

Author Im The Real Tammy gonna ( ago)
I grew up with ADHD in school and it was hard for me to focus. They put me on pills that made me feel sad, tired and slow and alone; basically a zombie. My grades were in the toilet my mom had to come out to the school almost everyday. I had to go to smaller rooms with about 6-7 other kids and these were called "the slow classes" by other kids. It made me feel stupid and depressed. Then when I was taken off the meds I was able to focus better and I was taught better by teachers who understood me and as I rose in my grades my grades were getting better. By the time I got in high school in sophomore year I no longer needed to be taken out of classes and no longer needed special treatment. Also I noticed that my ADHD made me see the world differently. My ADHD made me think and create more creativity cuz ppl with ADHD tend to be more in their head thinking about the fun stuff rather than the boring stuff being said to them. My ADHD made me more artistic and such a great thinker and creator. My gpa was a 3.75 and they told me I was one out of a hand full of people who didn't let my ADHD bother me. And that made me feel so special. Now I am absolutely in love with my ADHD I see it more of a blessing than s curse and I thank god I never got the severe case of ADHD. My art teacher when I was in high school showed me this video and it made me understand that I'm not the only one who thinks the same way about today's educational system!

Author Ian Connel ( ago)
Robinson sounds like a snake oil salesman to me. How does this highfalutin theory account for the results people got with education prior to the invention of ADD and its profitable "cures?" And who on earth has never been part of a "collaboration" where many of the members, who are not volunteers, depend on a hard-working few to carry them as they have no incentive to learn on their own? Will those slackers receive the same quality education as the leaders?

Ken talks about academia as an unnecessary and invented paradigm, but clearly it is necessary for him to speak down from a cloud. That way he can avoid answering hard questions or being asked to come up with an actual strategy. How many people listen to him and nod, YES, YES! but come away with not a single action item?

That's pretty standard for TED talks though.

Author Prénom Nom ( ago)
testing testing 1 2 3

Author yoan maisonneuve ( ago)
thinking about Why education we teach now is a probleme for our enterprise innovation and our country economy

Fact = education is long and force us to focused on a subject for all a semester

Probleme = in job we seem insconsciently forced to stick in subject and mastered it before skipping to the next more important thing we need to do

Infact education is cultivating a "clivage(french)(spychanalytic)" of "not focussing is bad"!!!

SO what is wrong with that = we are though it's wrong to not focused and change our interest of focus

Consequence = we stay on thing with low level of quality to perfect it instead of accepting its imperfection and start working with what is missing

Consequence on innovation in enterprise = we miss all the important low level feature to achieve an equilibrium low level viable product by according to much time on perfecting thing that are already working.

Author Juliana Almeida ( ago)
Very good video! We have that searching change our education paradigms !

Author ninx zee ( ago)
Bring back The Trivium method of learning!

Author Gloria McKeogh ( ago)
I so agree with this video, but I cant see it changing in my life time, I wish for all the children struggling and in fear of exams that they could learn without being labeled. I wish there was more time for individual development and a less stressful environment for our children to be educated in. Nobody learns well under stress.

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